Welcome to the Knowlton Family Genealogy Page from Thomas Knowlton Gibson.
Our branch of the Knowlton family is directly descended from many well known early colonial families.

Chris, Jon and I explored the State Capitol Building in Hartford, Connecticut, 
and found a prominent statue of Colonel Thomas Knowlton in front of the building.
The Knowlton Family Coat Of ArmsChristopher and Jonathan Gibson examine the statue of Col. Thomas Knowlton at the state capitol in Hartford, Connecticut.
These pages record the genealogical search for ancestral information
 by my mother and her ancestors
.


The Knowlton family has been collecting ancestral information for hundreds of years with a plethora of books and papers available.  These records are amazingly accurate and correspond exceptionally well with information I have found on the Internet.  The family history is certainly  noteworthy, with a few emotional and tragic events, with many ancestors exhibiting a significant influence on the founding of our country and the development of Europe and the western world.

The Knowlton Coat of Arms and Crest
The Shield: A red chevron with three crowns.
The Crest: 
: "Argent, a chevron, between crowns and ducal coronets sable".
The motto: "Vi et Virtute"
Translated: By Strength and Valor.

E-Mail

The origin of the name Knowlton is from the old English, 
"cnoll" (middle English, "knolle"), meaning a small rounded hill or mound 
and the old English "tun", meaning an enclosed place, homestead or village; 
so
Knowlton means town, village or place on the hill.

Genealogy information and descendants of

William Knowlton, b. 1584, in Kent, England

The reference numbers after each Knowlton were assigned by genealogist, Rev. Stocking in his 1897 book. 
Stocking shows descent of William from Richard Knowlton and Elizabeth Candize which is contested by modern genealogists. 

The Plaque on the front of the Statue of Col. Thomas Knowlton in Hartford, Conn.
William Knowlton (1) b 1584 Kent, England m. Ann Elizabeth Smith
The link will take you to a 4th grade report written by Chris Gibson.

John Knowlton (2) b 1610, Kent, England m. Marjery Wilson

John Knowlton (5) b 1633, Ipswich, MA m. Deborah Grant 1665

Nathaniel Knowlton (19) b 29 June 1658, Ipswich, MA m Deborah Jewett 3 Dec 1664

Nathaniel Knowlton (74) b 3 May 1683, Ipswich, MA m Reform Trescott his second wife.
His first wife was Marry Bennett, the mother of William.
A list of siblings and detailed information follows on this page.

Captain Samuel Knowlton (121) m. Anna Fellows
Brother of William Knowlton who was the father of Colonel Thomas Knowlton
Samuel was a decorated Captain in the Revolutionary War.

Jeremiah Knowlton (285) m. Anna Pierce
He was a first cousin to Colonel Thomas Knowlton

John Knowlton (605) m. Sally Knowlton (706)
Sally's Father, Captain Joseph Knowlton was a cousin to Jeremiah and uncle of Colonel Thomas Knowlton
whom he fought with in the Revolutionary war.
Captain Joseph is also a direct descendant of Richard More, through the family of daughter Susan More.

Freeman Knowlton (1608) m. Abigail Hatch

John Watson Knowlton (3848) m. Aseneth Brown
(3850) b. 1838 J. Watson was a railroad mail agent.

Frank Adams Knowlton m.6 May,1889, Isabel Nellie Swett b.1868
b. July 9, 1865 d. Feb 1929 Frank was a dentist in Fairfield, ME
The Swett Family descends from a significant line of European Royalty and Nobility through the Mayhew family.
Thomas Mayhew Sr. and Thomas Mayhew Jr. were both early Governors of Martha's Vinyard Island.

Frank Watson Knowlton m. Letha Pearl Metzger
Early Bell Telephone employee and supervisor in Albany, NY
b. May 28, 1900 d. May 1928
Letha Pearl Metzger is descended from these early American colonial families:
James Williamson, Johannes Von Tschudi, Cornelius Janse Vanderveer, Hendrick Hendricksen Kip, Wolfert Gerretse Couwenhoven,
Giles Jason De Mandeville, Pieter Monfoort, Claes Cornelissen Van Schouwen, Johannes Theodorus Polhemius and Pieter Claesen Wyckoff.
Many descend from European royalty and are "first arrivals" (1625) of New Amsterdam and Long Island.

Sarah Jane Knowlton b. 1926
Only child of Frank Watson Knowlton and Letha Pearl Metzger, she was Raised in Norristown, PA by her Stepfather, Theodore Andreas Wiedemann.
m. Thomas Cushman Gibson b. 7/8/25-1996  
  Third son of Joseph Whitton Gibson, Raised in Norristown, PA,
Machine Tool Engineer, Designed aircraft carrier elevator lifting gears at Newark Gear
Thomas Knowlton   b. 1948 Thomas Knowlton Gibson speaking to the Connecticut General Assembly    
Philip Cook       b. 1950
     David Cushman     b. 11/20/1952-2/5/1987
     Andrea Whitton     b. 1956
     

Thomas Knowlton Gibson b. 1948
First son of  Thomas Cushman, Husband and FatherCollege Administrator and Professor,
   Summer Camp Director and Radio Engineer.
   m. Cathy Ann Smith b.1960-   Divorced November, 1999.

Christopher Thomas Gibson b.1990-  High School Student,  
Webelos Scout Award
with Arrow of Light Award
Jonathan Knowlton Gibson b.1993-  Junior High Student, 
Webelos Scout Award
with Arrow of Light Award
m. Kelly Beth Shealer 1959 - Wife and Mother, Registered Graduate Pediatric Nurse,
Wellspan Inc, Raising six children.

Thomas Knowlton Gibson speaking to the General Assembly
in the Connecticut State Capitol building in Hartford.


Here are some links on the history of the Knowlton family.

Follow these links for additional related information found on the web.

Genealogy Information on the Thomas Knowlton Branch

A list of soldiers fighting with Capt. Thomas Knowlton at Bunker Hill.

Col. Thomas Knowlton information from the Sons of the American Revolution.

Thomas Knowlton Gibson Genealogy Page.

CIA information on Captain Thomas Knowlton.

Biography of Lt. Thomas Knowlton.

225 Anniversary Ceremony of the deaths of Col. Knowlton and Captain Nathan Hale.

Information on the MIA Knowlton Award.

Background information on Nathan Hale.

A description of the Battle of Bunker Hill.

MICA, Military Intelligence information.

A short history of the U.S. ARMY Rangers.

A few interesting facts about the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Information on General Israel Putnam.

Significant Portraits from the 1910 Journal of American History.

Bunker Hill Report

Knowlton Family Genealogy

A directory of Knowlton related pictures.

There is quite a family history from the Swett side of the family.

The Founding Fathers of American Intelligence

Thomas Knowlton and His Rangers

The Battle of Bunker Hill

The Birth of the US Army

The Battle of Long Island and New York

The Legend of Knowlton Church and Knowlton Henge

Knowlton Church & Rings


The Connecticut Minuteman

PDF of Inaugural edition of the Connecticut Minuteman/

Battle of Bunkers Hill by John Trumbull

History of the US Army Rangers

Descendants of William Knowlton

Thomas Knowlton Letterbox

Statue of Colonel Thomas Knowlton

Connecticut US ARMY ROTC Knowlton Company

THE BATTLE FOR NEW YORK, WASHINGTON'S INTELLIGENCE NETWORK

Battle of Harlem Heights

More family information and genealogy

Old Knowlton family information

Knowlton Church

The Knowlton Court Estate

Harlem Heights, where angered Americans drove the British in only victory in N.Y. campaign

THE BATTLE FOR NEW YORK

"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country"

Wills of John and Marjery Knowlton

Information on the Swett Family

John Swett Family Tree form Worldconnect

Comments from the Knowlton message board.

The Knowlton Brothers of Ipswich, Mass

The Knowlton Family, Coming to America.

Notable Knowltons

Extracts of Old Town Records of Ipswich, Mass

February 1996 Knowlton mailing list.
Books mentioning Thomas Knowlton

Original text pages mentioning Thomas Knowlton

http://faculty.ycp.edu/~tgibson/knowlton/knowlton68

Additional family information that I have not categorized yet.  Please browse.
There are more pages, just update the page number in your URL window.  I think the total is up to 70 pages now.

Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Knowlton of the American Revolution.
LTC Thomas Knowlton
Lieutenant
Colonel
Thomas
Knowlton

 

Volunteers from Nixon’s brigade, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Crary, boldly charged down Hollow Way viciously tempting the British troops on the Claremont Slope to meet them head-on in a salt marsh called Martje David’s Fly. The British rushed down into the marsh salivating over the sweetness of the coming victory. Suddenly musket shots were fired into their right flank. Startled, the British quickly re-grouped and attacked the encircling force on their right. By the end of the day, the exhausted colonists claimed victory at what would be called the Battle of Harlem Heights. But something had gone terribly wrong. The flanking troops had fired too soon, probably from the enthusiasm of an excited officer. Once this occurred, they could not reach the rear of the British as intended, but met the British force straight on. Over one hundred of General George Washington’s soldiers had died in the battle. Among them, was Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Knowlton the hero of Breed’s Hill (Bunker Hill).

Descending from a long line of honorable military men, Thomas Knowlton was destined to serve and become a hero. Born in November, 1740, he accompanied his brother Daniel, a famous scout and revered military officer himself, on several scouting missions during the French and Indian War. A sure ancestor of Achilles, Knowlton’s aura of a military hero was as much physical as it was tactical. Over six feet tall and quite handsome, his presence demanded attention and respect. His care for soldiers and military knowledge earned him that attention and respect from all.

Settling down to a quiet farm life after the French and Indian War, Knowlton became prominent in civil affairs. His peaceful life, however, turned to the military once again in the fall of 1774. Chosen by acclamation, Knowlton assumed command of a company of the Ashford, Connecticut, Volunteers, and by June 1775, Knowlton commanded two hundred men. On the 16th of that month, his soldiers followed him onto Breed’s Hill where they were assigned to defend a seemingly impossible position. Exposed to the enemy and vulnerable from both land and sea, Knowlton quickly assessed the situation and began to improve the odds.

Calculating that the British Commander, General Howe, would attack the inexperienced, under-equipped Americans, Knowlton formulated a plan which used a series of fences and other obstacles to slow the British advance and give the Americans a chance to survive the oncoming slaughter.

By the day’s end, British casualties were over 1000, compared to the total American casualties of 449. Only three men from Knowlton’s company died in the battle.Gaining the trust and admiration of General George Washington, Knowlton was soon given a group of select men from Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts who were known as "Knowlton’s Rangers." Under the direct control of Washington, Knowlton’s Rangers performed tasks similar to those of Roger’s Rangers in the French and Indian War and the United States Army Rangers of today. Unlike Roger’s Rangers, however, Knowlton’s Rangers were the first of their kind to be formally organized.

On the morning of the fateful battle of Harlem Heights, Knowlton’s Rangers patrolled a small field near the British camp. Spotted by a British outpost, the Rangers soon found themselves in a firefight with the Black Watch. A hand picked unit for height and composed mostly of Highlanders, the Black Watch carried an assortment of weapons and was known for its unusual dress. To the ragtag group of Americans, even Knowlton’s Rangers, this uniquely dressed, physically impressive unit instilled fear in all who fought against them. Lightly armed for the ease of conducting reconnaissance, Knowlton’s Rangers fought valiantly and were able to stall the Black Watch assault. When the attackers began to try to encircle Knowlton, he ordered a retreat and brought his troops back to safety with few casualties.

Eager for a victory over the British, Washington concocted the plan to cut off a section of the British troops’ rear with Knowlton’s Rangers. Once the premature shots had been fired into the right flank of the British, Knowlton quickly tried to rally his troops to carry on the attack. Shot in the small of his back, Knowlton fell, mortally wounded, within minutes of the failed attack. The following day, General Reed wrote, "All his inquiry was whether we had driven in the enemy."

In 1995, Colonel Thomas Knowlton became the hero of the Military Intelligence Corps and the Military Intelligence Corps Association (MICA) created an award for Military Intelligence Corps’ soldiers and civilians named after him.

Knowlton’s Rangers were the first of their kind.  Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Knowlton was a one of a kind. He epitomizes the Military Intelligence Corps’ Motto: "Always Out Front!" In every engagement with the enemy, Knowlton was on the front line encouraging, leading, and showing his troops where to go. The admiration he earned from his peers and superiors, the military genius displayed at Breed’s Hill and Harlem Heights, the love and respect he gained from his soldiers, and the honor with which he served should be a model for all Military Intelligence Corps’ soldiers to emulate.

 


The first American Intelligence Failure in New York

If  intelligence is information, and military intelligence is information that helps a commander deal with an enemy, than no less a commander than George Washington underscored best why the black art of the spy has been an essential part of American foreign policy since before the Revolution: "The necessity of procuring good intelligence is apparent and need not be further urged," he observed to one of his lieutenants in July of 1777.

The Father of our Country spoke from bitter experience. He lost his very first battle of the American Revolution because of a massive intelligence failure.

Washington had assumed command of the Continental Army in Cambridge on July 2, 1775. His military experience was limited to his role as a lieutenant colonel during the French and Indian War some sixteen years previously. He had never attended a military academy and in fact he'd had little formal education at all. He was forty-three years old.

The military situation at Boston was a stalemate: Washington's tiny army was sufficient to lay siege to the city, but not to capture it from General Thomas Gage, who had commanded a three thousand man advance guard in a bloody battle against the French and Indians in a ravine near the Monongahela River twenty years previously. As aide-de-camp to General Edward Braddock in that campaign, Washington had his horse shot out from under him, and had seen Braddock killed in a classic surprise attack. Nearly a thousand British had died that day—as opposed to less than fifty of the French. It had been the worst British military debacle on the American continent, and Gage was in no mood to give the enemy a chance for a second victory in the Americas.

Gage had three choices: attack Washington's army and attempt to lift the siege, evacuate Boston by sea, or do nothing but sit and wait for reinforcements from England. Gage chose to wait the Americans out, primarily because he had a network of spies and informants in place, and their reports assured him of Washington's troop strength and position. With fair winds and continued good intelligence, it seemed a certainty that the British would eventually prevail.

Significantly, at this time, General George Washington had but a single spy in action against the British. According to his accounts record, on July 15, 1775, less than two weeks after he took command, Washington paid $333.33 to someone whose name is lost to history "to go into the town of Boston to establish secret correspondence for the purpose of conveying intelligence of the Enemys movements and designs."

In October of that year, Gage was relieved by General William Howe. By January of 1776, with more spies finally in place, Washington had reason to believe that Howe's deputy, General Henry Clinton, would attack New York with an expeditionary force of fifteen hundred men. Both Howe and Washington understood that New York was crucial to control of the Hudson River, the means whereby the southern arm of the British forces would eventually meet up with those moving down the river from Canada, along the shores of Lake Champlain.

By February, the battle lines had somewhat changed. General Clinton sailed instead to South Carolina and failed to capture Charleston. Howe's New York plans were disrupted by the arrival of more than fifty pieces of heavy artillery that had been captured by the patriots at Fort Ticonderoga. Washington eagerly placed the cannon on Dorchester Heights where they threatened Boston, the harbor, and an end to the stalemate that had been in effect for almost nine months.

Howe gave the order to evacuate Boston on March 7th. Convinced that New York was Howe's strategic destination, Washington fatefully moved his army to New York, discovering in the process how difficult the island was to defend, even with an army ten times the size of his own. Surrounded by easily navigable waterways beyond which lay the shores of Long Island, Staten Island, and New Jersey—from which attacks could easily be staged—the island of Manhattan also contained a large proportion of Tories loyal to England and an enormous number of British spies.

Howe's actual battle plan would be revealed to Washington as an unhappy surprise. Instead of marching to New York, Howe repaired to Nova Scotia, and—regrouped and reinforced—arrived off Sandy Hook, New Jersey in June of 1776 in an enormous flotilla of 130 vessels. British spies immediately boarded the ships, flush with news of Washington's disposition of forces in New York. On July 2nd, Admiral Lord Richard Howe, the General's brother, arrived with another 150 ships. Additionally German mercenaries arrived in yet another flotilla, and on August 12th General Clinton and his force arrived from Charleston.

More than thirty-one thousand troops, ten ships of the line, twenty frigates, and hundreds of small transports manned by over ten thousand British seamen stood poised to destroy the Continental Army.

Between August 24th and 29th in the year 1776, the British inflicted more than 1400 casualties on the Americans. If  George Washington had not been able to retreat across the East River under the cover of fog and darkness, the American war for independence would have been lost before it had truly begun.

Fully aware that it was a matter of failed intelligence that had cost so many lives, one of Washington's first acts subsequent to the battle of New York was to commission Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Knowlton to form a company of hand-picked volunteers in order to carry out reconnaissance missions and special operations "either by water or by land, by night or by day."

Knowlton's Rangers, as they were known, marked the birth of United States Army Intelligence, and the year of their formation is memorialized on the U.S. Army Military Intelligence emblem to this day.


Thomas Knowlton was born into a military family on November 22, 1740 in West Boxford, Massachusetts. When he was eight, his family moved to a four hundred acre farm in Ashford, Connecticut. Like all American boys in those days, he grew up with an enormous knowledge of and respect for the wilderness. Fate and circumstance would determine that the forests and fields of his childhood would become the battlefields and cemeteries of his country's war for independence.

At the start of the French and Indian War in 1755, at the tender age of fifteen, Thomas Knowlton enlisted in Captain John Durkee's company, and by all accounts served admirably. On several occasions he accompanied his famous older brother Daniel on scouting missions into enemy territory. It was on these missions that he must have honed his youthful senses and problem-solving abilities. He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1760.

By 1762 he was one of only twenty men out of 107 in Israel Putnam's Company to return home from the Battle of Havana, Cuba. Knowlton married Anna Keyes and settled down happily, virtually for all the world like Mel Gibson's character in The Patriot. He and his wife raised nine children.

At the comparatively young age of 33, Knowlton was appointed a Selectman of Ashford Connecticut. Life was good.

And then came April 18, 1775. General Thomas Gage dispatched a contingent of British troops to Lexington and Concord, about fifteen miles from Boston. His intention was to destroy the military stores there, and to seize the Rebel American leaders, Samuel Adams and John Hancock. A third rebel, Paul Revere reached Lexington at midnight, in an effort to warn Adams and Hancock.

Units under the command of Major John Pitcairn arrived at Lexington at dawn on the 19th. A group of seventy armed townsmen, led by John Parker, were gathered on the commons, and they were ordered to disperse. As they did, shots rang out. Eight colonials were killed, and Hancock and Adams escaped as the colonial militia took to the forests and fields. The British pressed forward to the town of Concord.

Dr. Samuel Prescott rode ahead of the British column, and the townsmen of Concord were better-prepared to counter the wrath of the redcoats. They killed nearly 300 British soldiers, and the American Revolution had begun.

On perceiving "the shot heard run the world," Thomas Knowlton grabbed musket and powder horn and rushed to join his militia. The Ashford Company was part of the Fifth Regiment, along with the towns of Windham, Mansfield, and Coventry, Connecticut. They had no leader, and it was with a hearty vote of confidence that Knowlton was chosen unanimously.

CaThe U.S. Army Ranger's Knowlton Award.ptain Thomas Knowlton led his men to Massachusetts, the first unit from a neighboring colony to enter the brand new war.

In June of 1775, for his bravery at the Battle of Bunker Hill, where he accomplished his mission without losing a man, Knowlton was promoted to Major by Congress. He was considered "the first officer of his grade in the army," and Colonel Aaron Burr said years later "I had a full account of the Battle from Knowlton's own lips, and I believe if the chief command had been entrusted to him, the issue would have proved more fortunate. It was impossible to promote such a man too rapidly."

General of the Army George Washington agreed, for on August 12, 1776, he promoted Knowlton to Lieutenant Colonel and gave him what he considered to be the most important job of the war. He was ordered to select an elite group of men, wise and industrious, from Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts in order to carry out reconnaissance missions and special operations "either by water or by land, by night or by day."

"Knowlton's Rangers" were the first organized American elite troops, analogous to our men in Afghanistan today, the Special Forces, Army Rangers, and Marine Force Recon. In historical deed, Knowlton's Rangers were America's first official spies, and the first American spy to die in the Revolution, Captain Nathan Hale, was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Knowlton.  

On September 16, 1776 Knowlton's Rangers were scouting in advance of Washington's Army at Harlem Heights, New York, when they stumbled upon the Black Watch, an elite British unit picked for size and ferocity and composed mostly of Highlanders in traditional attire. With his sixteen-year-old son at his side, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Knowlton was killed in action.

Thomas Knowlton was posthumously advanced to the rank of full Colonel, 
by Commanding General George Washington in a special order.

 The Knowlton Award was established in 1995 by the Military Intelligence Corps Association. It is given to individuals who have contributed significantly to the promotion of Army Intelligence in ways that stand out in the eyes of the recipients' superiors, their subordinates, and their peers; men and women, brave and true, who have performed honorably, with diligence and integrity, as did Colonel Thomas Knowlton, America's first Intelligence Professional.



Genealogy information and descendants of

William Knowlton b. 1584, in Kent, England

The following information, which has been corrected in certain instances in accordance with information gathered from public records and other sources, was taken from 
The History and Genealogy of the Knowltons of England and America, by the Rev. Charles Henry Wright Stocking, D.D., The Knickerbocker Press (1897). 
The work was dedicated to our Lt. Daniel Knowlton, hero of the French and Indian and Revolutionary Wars. The dedication reads as follows: 
"In Reverent and loving Memory of Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton of the Continental Army, The Resolute Patriot, The Fearless Scout, The Intrepid Soldier, The Upright Man, 
whose eminent services to his Imperiled State and Country amply merit this his first Public Memorial, This Volume is humbly dedicated, by the Author." 

The reference numbers after each Knowlton were assigned by Rev. Stocking in his book.

The name comes from the old English, "cnoll" (middle English, "knolle"), meaning a small rounded hill or mound and the old English "tun"
meaning an enclosed place, homestead or village; so
Knowlton means town, village or place on the hill.

Captain William (1) and Ann Elizabeth Smith:
    1. John
    2. (2) b. 1610, Kent, England, m. Marjery Wilson ca. 1632
    3. Samuel b. 1611, occupation mariner, d. Hingham, MA abt. 1655
    4. Robert b. 1613, d. England
    5. William b. 1615, m. Elizabeth Balch? 1/10/1640, d. 1655
    6. Mary b. 1617?, d. young in England
    7. Deacon Thomas b. 1622, Kent, England, d. 4/3/1692, Ipswich, MA, occupation deacon, cordwainer, shoemaker, m. (1st) Susannah ________, (2nd) Mary Kimball, d. 4/3/1692

As no record of Captain William appears in the Customs Department in London, it must be inferred that he was independent in political action and a non-conformist in religious matters. A record was kept of only those emigrants who, upon leaving England, took an oath of loyalty to the Crown and promised conformity to the Established Church. William was at least part owner of the vessel in which he sailed for America.

Stocking surmises that William died on the voyage to America, probably off the coast of Nova Scotia. In 1839, a headstone was found by a surveyor in Shelburne, N. S. reflecting "William Knowlton, 1632". Tradition says his widow and children proceeded to Hingham, MA, where it is said she remarried. Ann Elizabeth d. Hingham 10/8/1675.

In his correction of Stocking’s work (Errata and Addenda to the Knowlton Ancestry, 1903), George H. Knowlton informs the reader that the town records of Hingham, MA reflect grants of land and a house lot in 1635 to one William "Nolton". Probate records show that the estate of William Nolton was appraised 9/18/1661 and that his widow, Ann, and grand-daughter, Susanna, were appointed administrators thereof on 10/23/1667. On 9/26/1668, "Ann Tucker, late wife of William Nolton" presented an inventory of the estate of "the late William Nolton, her former husband". Widow Ann Tucker died 10/8/1675. A Susanna Gilford was grand-daughter of Ann Tucker. Knowlton concludes that the facts strongly favor that this William Nolton was one and the same person as Capt. William Knowlton.

John (2) and Marjery Wilson:

    1. John
    2. (5) b. 1633 at Ipswich or Hingham, MA, m. (1st) Deborah (surname supposed to be Grant) ca. 1655, Ipswich, MA. She d. after 1666. m. (2nd) Sarah ______ ca. 1667 in Wenham or Ipswich. She d. 2/14/1679 in Ipswich
    3. Abraham b. 1635, d. before 1688, occupation soldier
    4. Elizabeth b. 1639, d. before 1688

John was a shoemaker, settled in Ipswich in 1639, became freeman 6/2/1641, and died abt. 1654. Before a member of society (male only, of course!) could exercise the right of suffrage or hold public office, he had to be made a "freeman" by the general or quarterly court. To become such, he was required to produce evidence that he was a respectable member of the Congregational Church and take an oath. In 1652, John was appointed to "search and scale leather", that no unmarketable leather might be sold by any tanner of hides. Marjery also died abt. 1654 (both of their wills were dated 1653 and proved in 1654).

John (5) and (1st) Deborah Grant?, (2nd) Sarah _________:

    1. John b. abt. 1656, m. Sarah _________
    2. Nathaniel
    3. (19) b. 6/29/1658 in Ipswich, MA, m. Deborah Jewett of Rowley, MA 5/3/1682
    4. Elizabeth b. 3/1/1660, m. Timothy Dorman of Topsfield, MA 11/15/1688
    5. Thomas b. 5/19/1662, m. (1st) Margery Goodhue of Ipswich, MA, (2nd) Mary Coy of Beverly, MA
    6. Catherine b. 1668
    7. Deborah b. 1670?
    8. Robert b. 1672, occupation soldier
    9. Suzannah b. 8/15/1673
    10. Ephraim b. 1676
    11. Abraham b. 1678
    12. Ezekiel b. 1 or 2/1679

John was a shoemaker, also residing in Ipswich, and, during King Philip’s War, was drafted into the Narragansett Winter Campaign (Major Samuel Appleton’s Company) on 11/30/1675. According to Stocking he was a man of substance, being a public official and involved in many real estate transactions. Admitted freeman 10/13/1680.

John removed from Ipswich to Wenham probably abt. 1666; he had a seat in the meetinghouse there in 1669 and d. 10/8/1684. Deborah d. after 1666 and Sarah d. 2/3/1679. John and his second wife, Sarah, must have moved back to Ipswich, as they both died there.

Nathaniel (19) and Deborah Jewett:

    1. Nathaniel
    2. (74) b. 5/3/1683, m. (1st) Mary Bennett of Ipswich 4/29/1703, (2nd) Reforme (Trescott) Jewett, widow of Benjamin Jewett and daughter of Samuel and Margaret Trescott of Milton, MA, 4/15/1717
    3. John b. 12/7/1685, d. 1760
    4. Joseph b. 4/1687
    5. Thomas b. 11/8/1692, m. Ruth Lord 1/11/1716, d. 2/28/1718
    6. Abraham b. 2/27/1698, m. Mary Smith 9/20/1722
    7. Elizabeth b. 9/15/1702, m. Thomas Hart (pub. 7/22/1721)
    8. David b. 5/15/1707, m. Esther Howard 2/23/1731

Nathaniel was a shoemaker and, according to Stocking, was "a man of consequence in Ipswich". He was made Commoner 2/18/1678, became freeman 5/16/1683, was Deacon of the First Congregational Church in 1697 and Deputy to the General Court in 1700, ’02, ’03, ’05, ’09, ’14, ’15 and ’20. Nathaniel was chosen by the town in December, 1700 to serve on a committee "To appoint all persons where they should sitt in ye new meetinghouse – and also to grant pues in ye places reserved joining to ye walls and sides of ye meetinghouse – not to extend above 5 foot & from ye sides of ye house into ye allies". It was said of him, "Though honored by men, he did not forget to honor his God".

Deborah was b. 12/3/1664 in Rowley, MA, the daughter of Abraham and Ann (Allen) Jewett. Nathaniel died 9/24/1726. Deborah died 4/25/1743.

Nathaniel (74) and Mary Bennett:

    1. Mary b. 6/3/1704
    2. William
    3. (197) b. 2/8/1706, m. Martha Pinder of Boxford, MA 3/12/1729
    4. Nathaniel b. 6/30/1708, m. Mary Fuller 7/1/1729
    5. Jeremiah bapt. 5/13//1712, d. young
    6. Jeremiah bapt. 8/2/1713, m. Sarah Allen 7/24/1735 and removed to Concord, MA
    7. Information on descendants of Nathaniel and Mary Bennet continues later on this page.

Mary was b. 3/3/1685, the daughter of Henry and Frances (Burr) Bennett. Nathaniel and Mary resided in Ipswich, MA. After Mary’s death (bef. 1717), Nathaniel m. (2nd) Reforme (Trescott) Jewett, the widow of Benjamin Jewett of Rowley, MA. Benjamin d. 1/22/1716, having been killed by falling timber at a house raising. Nathaniel d. after 1760.

Nathaniel and Reforme Jewett had the following children.
                     
Especially due to the 1736 great smallpox epidemic, it is sadly apparent that Nathaniel and Reforme had great difficulty in raising a family.

    1. Mary, bapt. 5/10/1719
    2. Margaret, bapt. 3/27/1720, d. 7/19/1736
    3. Elizabeth, bapt. 7/15/1722, d. 10/18/1722
    4. Elizabeth, bapt. 8/23/1724, d. 3/12/1725
    5. Samuel (121), bapt. 6/26/1726, m. Anna Fellows
    6. Anna, bapt. 2/23/1728, d. 4/4/1729
    7. Thomas, bapt. 12/13/1730, d. 7/31/1736
    8. Ebenezer, bapt. 1/25/1732, d. 7/15/1736
    9. Sarah, bapt. 3/30/1735, d. 8/25/1736
    10. Thomas, bapt. 10/30/1737      
Captain Samuel Knowlton (121)  bapt. 6/26/1726, m. Anna Fellows
Brother of William Knowlton who was the father of  Colonel Thomas Knowlton
Samuel was a decorated Captain in the Revolutionary War.

Jeremiah Knowlton (285) m. Anna Pierce
He was a first cousin to Colonel Thomas Knowlton

John Knowlton
(605) m. Sally Knowlton (706)
Sally's Father, Joesph Knowlton (325) m. Martha Wheeler
Joseph was a cousin to Colonel Thomas Knowlton and fought with him in the Revolutionary war.

Freeman Knowlton (1608) m. Abigail Hatch

1860 Liberty census index:
Freeman Knowlton, age 51, merchant
Abba, age 50
Emily F., age 24
John W., age 22
William W., age 18
Marcus, age 17
Charles E., age 12
Eddie W., age 3 m.

1850 Liberty census index:
Freeman Knowlton, age 40, farmer
Abigail, age 39
Emily F., age 14
John W., age 12
William W., age 9
Marcus L., age 7
Chs. E., age 2

1840 Liberty census index for Freeman Knowlton:
2 males under age 5
1 male 15-20
1 male 30-40
1 female under age 5
1 female 5-10
1 female 30-40

John Watson Knowlton (3848) age 42, occupation = RR mail agent
Aseneth E., wife, age 40, occu. = keeping house
Frank A., son, age 15, occu. = at school
Edward W., brother, age 22, occu. = watch maker

In the 1870 census, he was in Liberty, Waldo Co., page 4, line 30:
Knowlton, Watson J., age 33, occu. = mail carrier, value real estate =
$2,000, value personal estate = $800
Aseneth E., age 30
Frank A., age 5
Abbie, age 60, occu. = tailor
Eddie W., age 13

I found John Watson's wife, Aseneth, in the 1860 index with the
family of Benjamin Harris:  (George Brown died young, Betsey then married Benjamin Harris.)

Benjamin Harris, age 73, farmer
Betsey, age 60
Clarry E., age 21
Aseneth E. Brown, age 20

There was a note typed next to Betsey's name that read: "Betsey Brown, widow
of George Brown, married 'Mr. Harris' - Hist. Liberty"

The following records of death are from the state archive's microfilms of
vital records, roll for 1892-1907, Kinney-Lane (alphabetical from-to):

John Watson Knowlton died in Belfast, Maine, September 14, 1899.
Age = 61 yrs, 2 mos., 13 days
Place of birth = Liberty, Me.
Widowed
Occupation = shoe factory employee
Cause of death = heart disease 
Buried in Belfast
Father = Freeman Knowlton
Father's birthplace = Liberty, Me.
Mother = Abbie Hatch
Mother's birthplace = Liberty, Me.

Aseneth Knowlton died in Belfast, Feb. 26, 1896 
Age = 56
Place of birth = Liberty, Me.
Occupation = housewife
Cause of death = polio myelitis 
Buried in Belfast
Father = George Brown
Father's birthplace = Liberty, Me.
Mother = Betsey Black 
Mother's birthplace = Augusta, Me.

The Maine State Library is in the same building as the archives. They had a
book, "Vital Records of Liberty, Maine", transcribed by Isabel Morse Maresh,
published by Picton Press, Camden, Me., 1993. I'll say more about this book
later, but for now, there was some info about John Watson in it:

On page 346, there was a list of men from the town who were
"liable to serve in the military", and one entry was for J.W.:
John W. Knowlton, age 25, date of birth: June 22, 1838

I found two other entries for him, 
Marriage intentions on page 13:
Jan. 7, 1861, certificate issued Jan. 12, 1861 to Mr. John W. Knowlton 
and Areneth E. Brown, Liberty gave notice of their intention of marriage.

page 86: At top of page it says, South Montville, Dec. 25, 1862. Then:
"Dear Sir, I have solemnized the following marriages within the limits of
your town." It's signed, "Ebenezer Knowlton".

Below that, one of the entries is: July 20, 1861 J. Watson Knowlton and
Areneth E. Brown, both of Liberty.

On to Frank A. Knowlton. I found a

Frank Adams Knowlton
Died in Fairfield: Feb. 7, 1929
Residence: Winchester St., Fairfield
Length at residence: 41 years
Previous residence: Belfast, Maine
Date of Birth: July 9, 1865
Age: 63 yrs., 8 months, 2 days.
Name of father: John Watson Knowlton
Birthplace of father: Liberty, Maine
Father's occupation: RR mail clerk
Maiden name of mother: Aseneth Brown
Birthplace of mother: Liberty, Maine
Cause of death: Suicide- hanging from bath robe cord
record of his death at the state archives
on the vital records microfilm roll for 1923-1936, Kinley-Landeck
(alphabetical from-to).
Contributory cause: despondent over son's death of previous year.

I thought there might have been something in the newspaper about it and
checked the microfilmed copies of the "Waterville Morning Sentinel" at Colby
College Libray in Waterville. I'm learning, too...I hadn't known if there
were copies of this newspaper or where they were. Anyway, there was quite a
long article in the paper on Feb. 8, 1929, with a lot of info about Frank A.
and family. I got a printout, partially typed below.

Saturday, February 9, 1929, page 5:
"Miss Edith Knowlton of Colebrook, N. H., and Dr. D. S. Knowlton of
Washington, D. C., are in town called here by the death of their father, Dr.
F. A. Knowlton."

"All Odd Fellows are requested to meet at the hall this afternoon
at 1:15 p.m., to attend the funeral of Dr. F. A. Knowlton."

"Mrs. Frank Knowlton of Syracuse N. Y., is in town called by the death of
Dr. F. A. Knowlton."

"Funeral services for the late Dr. F. A. Knowlton will be held this
afternoon at 3 o'clock at the house on Winchester street. Rev. E. J. Webber
pastor of the Methodist church will officiate. There will be Odd Fellows'
service."

From Monday, February 11, 1929, page 3:
"Mrs. Frank Knowlton returned yesterday to Syracuse, N. Y., after being
called here by the death of her father-in-law, Dr. F. A. Knowlton."

"Funeral services for Dr. Frank A. Knowlton were held at the home on
Winchester street, Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Rev. E. J. Webber,
pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church officiating. There was a large
gathering of town folks which bespoke the high esteem in which the deceased
was held. The Odd Fellow service was held, members of that organization
attending in a body. There was a profusion of floral tributes. The bearers
were members of the Odd Fellows, Lester Richardson, W. A. McAuley, George
Richardson, A. H. Totman, Leonard Davis and George Farnham. Honorary bearers
were F. H. Neal, Abbott Nelson, James Atkins, W. S. Simpson, Charles Lawry
and Chester Furber. The remains were placed in the tomb to await interment
in the spring."

I looked up a few of your ancestors in the census schedules or indexes that
would help me locate them, find data, or establish a relationship. I usually
only copied names, relationship, and dates...not all the info in every
column. Frank A. was in Fairfield, Somerset Co. in the 1900 census,
enumeration district #153, page 23, line 13.

Knowlton, Frank A. b. Mar, 1865, age 35,
# of years married = 9,
occupation= dentist
Isabel, wife,  b. Sept. 1868, age 31
Donald, son, b. Sept. 1894, age 6

Frank's dob on his death record looked like July, 1865 to me, but as I
mentioned, it was hard to read. Looks like Frank & Isabel were prob. married
in 1890 or 1891. The state didn't start keeping records until 1892, so I
couldn't look this up in the state index. Any vital records before 1892
would be in the individual towns.

Frank Watson Knowlton m. Letha Pearl Metzger
Second Son of Frank Adams Knowlton, died young.
b. May 28, 1900 d. May 1928

I checked the microfilm for his birth and found what is certainly his
birth record:
male, born June 4, 1900 in Fairfield
Second child of Frank A. Knowlton and Isabel D. Swett residing in Fairfield
Father's occupation = dentist, Mother's occupation = milliner
Father's place of birth = Liberty, Maine,
Mother's place of birth =Montville, Maine
Attending physician = F.J. Robinson

I also found the birth records for his brother and sister Donald and Edith:

Donald Swett Knowlton
born in Fairfield, September 6, 1893
I didn't copy down any "occupation for mother", so I don't think it showed
any. The other info for parents was the same as above. I couldn't make out
the attending physician's name..it looked like E.W. (last name?) and he was
from Waterville.

Edith Ellen Knowlton
born in Fairfield, Oct. 25, 1906
3rd child
No occupation for mother, other parent info same as above.
Attending physician = F.J. Robinson

All of these records were on a microfilm roll for 1892-1907, Kinney-Lane
(alphabetical from-to).

Sarah Jane Knowlton b. 1926 in Albany, N.Y.
Only child of Frank Watson Knowlton and Letha Pearl Metzger, she was Raised in Norristown, PA by her Stepfather, Theodore Andreas Wiedemann.
m. Thomas Cushman Gibson 1925-1996  
  Third son of Joseph Whitton Gibson, Raised in Norristown, PA,
  Machine Tool Engineer, Designed aircraft carrier elevator lifting gears at Newark Gear
     Thomas Knowlton b. 1948 Thomas Knowlton Gibson speaking to the Connecticut General Assembly    
     Philip Cook           b. 1950
     David Cushman     b. 11/20/1952-2/5/1987
     Andrea Whitton     b. 1956

Thomas Knowlton Gibson b. 1948 in Philadelphia, PA
   First son of  Thomas Cushman, Husband and FatherCollege Administrator and Professor,
                                                   Summer Camp Director and Radio Engineer.
   m. Cathy Ann Smith b.1960-   Divorced November, 1999.

Christopher Thomas Gibson
 b. 1990-  High School student,  
                                                                        Webelos Scout Award
                                                                        with Arrow of Light Award
Jonathan Knowlton Gibson   b. 1993-  High School student, 
                                                                        Webelos Scout Award
                                                                        with Arrow of Light Award
m. Kelly Beth Shealer 1959 - Wife and Mother, Registered Graduate Pediatric Nurse,
                                                                     Wellspan Inc, Raising six children.



This information is continued from 
Nathaniel (74) and Mary Bennett: above,
  1. William
  2. (197) and Martha Pinder:
    1. Lucy b.?, d. young
    2. Mary, bapt. 6/7/1730, m. Ezekial Tiffany of Ashford, CT 3/9/1749, d. 11/9/1816
    3. William bapt. 10/10/1731, d. young
    4. Sarah, bapt. 7/22/1733, m. Joshua Kendall of Ashford
    5. William, bapt. 8/10/1735, m. Mehitable Eaton of Ashford
    6. Lucy, bapt. 2/20/1737, m. Deacon Abijah Brook of Ashford, d. 4/13/1820
    7. Daniel
    8. (424) baptized 12/31/1738 in Boxford, Essex Co., MA, m. (1st) Elizabeth Farnham of Windham, CT 11/3/1763, (2nd) Rebecca Fenton of Willington, CT 4/24/1788.
    9. Thomas bapt. 11/30/1740, m. Anna Keyes of Ashford, CT 4/5/1759, d. 9/16/1776 at the Battle of Harlem Heights. He is buried where he fell, on the current 143rd St. On 11/13/1895, a bronze statue of Col. Thomas Knowlton was unveiled on the Capitol grounds in Hartford, CT. In 1995, The Knowlton Award was established as a joint venture between MICA and the U.S. Army Intelligence Center. Named in honor of Lt. Col. Thomas Knowlton, the award recognizes individuals who have contributed significantly to the promotion of Army intelligence in ways that stand out in the eyes of the recipient’s seniors, subordinates and peers. During the Revolution, Gen. George Washington appointed Thomas to raise a regiment known as "Knowlton’s Rangers" expressly for desperate and delicate services. As such, he was the first intelligence officer in the Continental Army.
    10. Priscilla bapt. 5/20/1744
    11. Nathaniel bapt. 3/9/1746, d. 7/19/1749

 William was a "housewright" and was born in Ipswich where he married Martha. They removed to Ashford, Windham County, CT in May, 1748 where William purchased a 400 acre farm which he later divided among his sons.

Martha was the grand daughter of John Pynder who, at the age of 8, in 1635 arrived with his mother Mary on the "Susan and Ellen", the same ship which brought the Rev. Peter Bulkeley of Odell, County Bedfordshire, wife Grace and children to the New World. Our cousins, Martha, Deborah and Judith Bulkley are direct descendants of Peter Bulkeley. According to Stocking, the Pynders were lineal descendents of the Pynders of County Lincoln, England to whom arms were granted in 1538 (registered in Herald’s College, London).

William d. 3/13/1753 in Ashford, CT and Martha m. (2nd) Colonel Dean of Taunton, MA and moved there. She d. 5/25/1775 in Taunton.

  1. Lt. Daniel
  2. (424) and (1st) Elizabeth Farnham:
    1. Daniel (1041) b. 12/7/1765 at Ashford, CT, m. Betsey Burchard (Birchard) of Ashford, CT 4/4/1793
    2. Elizabeth b. 3/24/1768, m. Frederick Chaffee of Ashford, CT
    3. Nathaniel b. 12/24/1770, m. Sarah Leach 11/25/1798
    4. Manassah b. 12/24/1770, m. (1st) Lydia Burton, (2nd) Elizabeth Card, (3rd) Clarissa Cogswell
    5. Ephraim b. 10/3/1773, m. Jemima Farnham of Ashford
    6. Martha b. 2/24/1777, m. Charles W. Brandon of Ashford
    7. Keziah b. 2/9/1781, m. Amasa Lyon 1/3/1815. Keziah was the mother of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, Mexican and Civil War commander.
    8. Hannah b. 4/19/1783, m. Daniel Knowlton 11/24/1803

Daniel served with distinction in the French and Indian War. He was "distinguished for bravery and daring, particularly as a scout". He fought in northern New York in the vicinity of Forts Edward and Ticonderoga. During Lord Loudon’s expedition to Fort Edward (3/15 - 10/17/1757), he saved the life of Israel Putnam (later a Revolutionary War General, noted for his command of our troops at Bunker Hill) who had been attacked by Indians. Daniel arrived at the defining moment. An Indian was about to remove Putnam’s head with his tomahawk. Daniel came to his friend’s relief and "brought down the redskin by a timely shot from his musket". In June, 1758, Daniel served at Crown Point. Here he captured three men "belonging to a gang of bloodthirsty desperadoes, whose numerous atrocities made them as odious as they were terrible". Deciding it unsafe either to retain or dismiss the prisoners, the captives were hung with "halters", made from the bark of hickory saplings.

Daniel’s first wife, Elizabeth was the daughter of Manassah Farnham of Windham, CT. According to Stocking, she is descended on her father’s side from Sir John Farnham of Quorndon, County Leicester, England, who lived in the reign of Edward I. His arms are registered in Herald’s College. In St. Bartholomew’s Church, Quorndon, there is a Farnham Chapel.

Daniel also served with distinction in the Revolutionary War, initially as an Ensign with Knowlton’s Rangers, commanded by his brother, Thomas. His friend Israel Putnam, before leaving to assist in the relief of Boston, was heard to say, while gazing over to a field in Ashford where Daniel and others were training, "Gad, Zounds, had I only Daniel Knowlton to take with me, I’d lick hell itself". Daniel’s brother, Thomas, fought with General Putnam at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Upon his arrival after the Battle of Lexington, "Old Put" asked Thomas where his older brother was. Thomas responded by telling the General that Daniel had gone in another direction. Putnam remarked "I am sorry that you did not bring him with you; he alone is worth half a company. Such is his courage and lack of fear, I could order him into the mouth of a loaded cannon, and he would go".

In June, 1776, Knowlton’s "Rangers", as part of Chester’s Regiment, were assigned to the 6th Batallion, Wadsworth’s Brigade reinforcing General Washington in the vicinity of New York City. They participated in the Battle of Harlem Heights on 9/16/1776, where Thomas was killed. Upon hearing of his brother’s death, Daniel exclaimed "We will retrieve my brother’s loss". Daniel participated in the Battle of White Plains on 10/28/1776. For bravery in the field, he was appointed 2nd Lieutenant by the State Assembly. Daniel was taken prisoner at Ft. Washington on 11/26/1776 and was held captive by the British for almost two years, for part of the time on the prison-ship, "Jersey". Upon being exchanged for other prisoners, he was again taken prisoner at the Battle of Horseneck 12/9/1780. In 1782, he was 1st Lieutenant at Ft. Trumbull, New London, CT. Daniel was discharged from service 7/6/1783.

Primarily due to his treatment by the British while a prisoner, Daniel developed strong anti-British sentiments. While attending services at the Congregational Church at Ashford in later years, Daniel protested the singing of a hymn with the refrain "Give Britain Praise". He never returned!

He has been described as follows: "Bold, stern and intrepid as a lion on the battlefield, he was retiring, non-assertive in private life and inclined to belittle his achievements". Daniel died 5/31/1825 in Ashford from the effects of a fall in his barn. He is buried at Westford Hill Cemetery, Ashford. His gravestone is inscribed as follows:

Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton

A Patriot of the Revolution

Died May 31, 1825, aged 86 yrs.

His first wife, Elizabeth, died 6/1/1786. Daniel married (2nd) Rebecca Fenton 4/24/1788. They had:

    1. Erastus Fenton b. 1/29/1790, m. (1st) Waite Windsor, (2nd) Rhoda Gage of Monson, MA 5/16/1820
    1. Marvin b. 9/3/1794, m. Calista Leonard 4/19/1820
  1. Daniel
  2. (1041) and Betsey Burchard (Birchard):
    1. Nathaniel b. 1/7/1794 at Ashford. After this birth, there are no further references in the Ashford Town Records to the children that follow. He m. Temperance Day of Wilbraham, MA 10/6/1818. Was a soldier in the War of 1812
    2. Clarissa b. 5/15/1795, d. young
    3. Lydia b. 9/21/1797, d. young
    4. Phineas b. 11/8/1800 at Wilbraham, MA, d. US Navy, 10/1827
    5. Gordon
    6. (2648) b. 7/8/1803 at Wilbraham, m. Arethusa Atwood of Belchertown, MA 11/30/1825
    7. Manassah b. 7/30/1805 at Wilbraham, m. Sally Stebbins
    8. Calista b. 12/2/1807 at Wilbraham, m. Herman Corbin of Union, CT

Daniel was captain of the militia and died 2/1834, according to Stocking. Betsey was b. 10/11/1768 at Ashford, CT, the daughter of Phineas and Lydia Birchard.

  1. Gordon
  2. (2648) and Arethusa Atwood:
    1. Orson b. 1/7/1826, m. Julia Collins
    2. Harriet b. 12/8/1827, d. 1834
    3. Alonzo b. 9/15/1829, d. 11/24/1848
    4. Daniel
    5. (5242) b. 9/4/1831, m. (1st) Sophia R. Lawrence of E. Berkshire, VT 9/16/1855, (2nd) Caroline Brooks of W. Springfield, MA
    6. Sarah J. b. 5/15/1834, d. young
    7. Sarah Jane b. 2/4/1836, m. Joseph Dexter, res. Springfield, MA
    8. Timothy b. 7/15/1839, m. Eunice Dimock, res. Norwich, CT
    9. Alfred d. 2/19/1842, d. young
    10. Charles B. b. 12/25/1842, m. Agnes Williams, res. Belchertown, MA
    11. Diana A. b. 2/25/1846, m. P. P. McIntyre, res. Belchertown, MA
    12. George P. b. 8/19/1849

The spelling of Arethusa’s name (she spelled it "Arrathusa") gave Town Clerks problems as it was variously spelled Arethusia, Arthusia, Arathusa, Arathusia and Aretusa! Arethusa was b. 9/25/1805 in Belchertown, MA, the daughter of John and Hannah (Rice) Atwood. Her father was b.at Spencer, MA. Arethusa had eight brothers and sisters:

    1. Anna b. 1/14/1794, d. 6/3/1801
    2. Timothy b. 4/3/1796
    3. Joseph b. 4/6/1798, d. 9/27/1800
    4. Polly b. 10/2/1800
    5. Samuel b. 2/27/1803, d. 10/28/1881 at Palmer, MA
    6. Anna Maria b. 9/12/1807
    7. Joseph b. 5/7/1809, d. 3/3/1889 at Springfield, MA
    8. Sarah b. 1/4/1812, m. Jesse Miller 5/15/1852 at Springfield, MA

Arethusa and Gordon were married 11/30/1825 in Belchertown. The name "Arethusa" has its origins in Greek mythology; it is also the name of an orchid. Gordon died 4/7/1857. Arethusa died in Springfield on 1/21/1881, at the age of 75.

  1. Daniel
  2. (5242) and Sophia B. Lawrence:
    1. Emma Frances
    2. (7067) b. 7/15/1856, m. James Willis Keyes of Springfield, MA 9/11/1877
    3. Hattie Sophia b. 2/12/1858, m. Arthur F. Bardwell 11/1879. Arthur was a mechanic and b. 12/24/1859 in Whately, MA. Their first child, Maud, b. 6/19/1881, d. in infancy.

Daniel m. (1st) Sophia B. Lawrence of E. Berkshire, VT on 9/16/1855 in Somers, CT. According to the Springfield death records, Sophia died 2/12/1858 aged "24 yr., 3 mo., 23 days". The cause of death was "child birth". She is buried in Wilbraham. Daniel m. (2nd) Caroline Brooks of W. Springfield, MA on 5/14/1860. According to the 1860 Springfield City Directory, Daniel was farming and residing at the "cor. of 16 acres and Boston Rd."

Responding to President Abraham Lincoln’s July 1, 1862 call for 300,000 volunteers, Daniel enlisted in Springfield on August 19th (from July 21st) for 3 years military service (Names of Officers & Soldiers Enlisted from Springfield during the Rebellion Commenced April 12th, 1861, on file in City Hall, Springfield, MA) and collected a $25 bounty. Daniel gave his occupation as "painter". He mustered-in as a Private in Captain Algernon S. Flagg’s Company (later Co. ‘D’) of the 37th Reg’t Mass. Inf. on September 2nd at Camp Briggs, Pittsfield, MA.

Under the command of Col. (later Brig. Gen.) Oliver Edwards, the 37th was composed principally of men (initially, 1,062) from the four Western counties of Massachusetts, Hampden County furnishing 259. The regiment left Pittsfield for the front on September 7th, and after a short encampment on Arlington Heights (nr. Washington, D. C.) joined the Army of the Potomac, under the command of Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, then encamped in Maryland, a few miles from the battlefield of Antietam. The 37th participated in the subsequent movements of that Army, forming a part of the VI Corps. The Regiment’s first battlefield experience came at Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862), where the 37th formed a part of the 3rd Division (Brig. Gen John Newton), VI Corps (Brig. Gen William T.H. Brooks), Left Grand Division (Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin) of the Army of the Potomac then under the command of Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside (for whom the "sideburn" was named).

They fought with distinction at the Battle of Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1863) where the Corps stormed the supposedly impregnable Marye’s Heights (the same Heights which had defied the Union Army at the Battle of Fredericksburg less than five months earlier and which were defended by six Brigades under the command of Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal Early, with artillery support) and fought at Salem Church.

After a prodigious 19 hour, 34 mile march, the Corps reached Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. See the Appendices for excerpts describing the VI Corps’ involvement at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. The 37th, along with others, was rushed to New York City on July 31st to assist in quelling the draft riots. During their time in NewYork, 47 members of the 37th deserted ("confined almost entirely to the foreign-born element", according to the History of the Thirty-Seventh Regiment Mass. Volunteers in the Civil War of 1861-1865, by James L. Bowen, 1884). "Foreign-born" meant Irish. The 37th returned to the front on October 14, 1863.

Daniel also participated in engagements at Franklin’s Crossing (6/5/1863), Rappahannock Station (11/7/1863) and Mine Run (11/30/1863).

On April 13, 1864, Daniel transferred to the Navy by Special Order No. 98 of the Army of the Potomac. He was assigned to the U.S.S. (Bark) "Gem of the Sea", a wooden sailing vessel of 371 tons, 116’ in length, which had been purchased by the government for $15,000 in 1861. On 4/14/1864, the "Gem of the Sea" shipped out of Baltimore bound for Charlotte Harbor, Florida (where Daniel was stationed) to participate in blockade duties as part of the East Gulf Blockading Squadron. On April 27th, the "Gem" was off Charleston, South Carolina. On February 1, 1865, it was "ordered north for repairs".

During his Naval service, Daniel was to contract chronic diarrhea. He was discharged at New York on 5/12/1865 and was awarded a pension of $4/month. According to the medical report of S. W. Leach, Surgeon, U.S.N., Daniel "……has been afflicted with diarrhea chronica for the last four months. I am of the opinion that it was caused by the weakening influence of intermittent fever combined with the action of malaria atmospheric, vicissitudes to which he was exposed to in the line of duty." He was muster-out at Hall’s Hill, VA on 6/21/1865 and awarded the remainder on his bounty, being $75. Daniel died 3/31/1866 in Springfield of the foregoing malady. The April 2nd Daily Republican carried a notice of Daniel’s death with the following: "Funeral from his late residence today (Monday) at 1 o’clock p.m."

At the time of the 1880 Census, Caroline Knowlton was residing on Boston Rd., five houses removed from William L. Keyes, his children, daughter-in-law (Emma), etc., with her daughter Addie L. Adams and grandson, Clarence. Daniel was Caroline’s second husband.



Thomas Knowlton Gibson is eligible for full membership
in the following military, genealogy and hereditary societies.
Presidential Families of America
First Families of America
Established Families in America
National Society of the Sons of Colonial New England
National Society of Sons of American Colonists
National Society of Old Plymouth Colony Descendants
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
Descendants of the Knights of Bath
Military Order Of The Crusades
Hereditary Society Blue Book
Order of the Crown in America
Order of the Crown of Charlemagne in the United States of America
Baronial Order of the Magna Charta
General Society of Mayflower Descendants
Society of Sons and Daughters of the Pilgrims
Society of Americans with Multiple Mayflower Ancestors (SAMMA Founding Member)
Order of the Founders and Patriots of America
Order of Americans of Armorial Ancestry
Order Of Descendants of Colonial Physicians and Chirurgiens
Society of the Descendants of the Colonial Clergy
General Society of Colonial Wars

Flagon & Trencher: Descendants of Colonial Tavern Keepers
Welsh Society of Philadelphia
Order of Indian Wars in the United States of America
General Society of the Sons of the American Revolution
National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution
Descendants of Mexican War Veterans
Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
Order of The First World War
Order of The Second World War
Military Order of the World Wars
Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United States
Vietnam War Veterans
Veterans of Foreign Wars
(Life Member)
American Legion
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts
Society of Descendants of Knights of the Garter

Order Of The Honorable Artillery Company Inc.
Royal Society of Saint George
Sons of the American Legion

Tom Gibson at the top of the WVYC tower.

1st Class FCC License

Who is Tom Gibson?  I'm a been there, done that guy. I have......